Basic English Grammar is a classic developmental skills text for beginning students of English as a second or foreign language. It uses a grammar-based. Trusted by thousands of teachers from all over the world, the Azar-Hagen Grammar Series offers comprehensive coverage of English grammar. Whether you are  ‎Levels & Samples · ‎Components · ‎ISBNs. Welcome to the Azar-Hagen Grammar Series website. If you have a question about English grammar or usage, ask it at the Azar Grammar Exchange website.


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When you listen to my sentence again, notice that the t is almost completely dropped from it's, and going to becomes gonna. Well, i'snot gonna happen.

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As a teacher, I've often heard students say things like Bye. I see you tomorrow. The grammar sounds are missing, in this case the m and l sounds for am and will. Listen for them in the corrected sentences: I'll see you tomorrow.

The m and l sounds are barely said aloud. But a native speaker hears them. And then, sometimes native speakers drop not only sounds but complete words.

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If you're saying "Not fair! Grammar students learn that am, is, are and helping verbs for example, will, have, would are often contracted with pronouns in both speaking and writing, as in I'm and I'll.

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But most students also find it helpful to know that in everyday spoken English these verbs are usually contracted with nouns and question words, too. Here's a sentence about a man named Tom.

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Tom is a noun. In writing, you will see Don't worry. Tom will be here soon.

In speaking, you will hear Don't worry. Tom'll be here soon. Listen for Tom will again: Here's another example of a contraction with a noun: My book is on the table.


And another example, this time with are: In writing you will see My books are on the table. In speaking you will hear My books're on the table.

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